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Arja Karhuvaara

In English

I’m born in 1954 in Kärkölä Häme Reagion. Working as a private practitioner/entrepeneur in physical therapy in Helsinki since 1982. I have three adult children and  two grandsons , 3 y. and 5 months.  As a profession am I Spec.Physiotherapist(neurology, motionorgans), occupational PT and Business Collage graduate in the marketing.

I was 2007-2011  an elected Member of Parliament of Finland from Helsinki. I have dedicated the past years to work on improving health care and social security, representing the entrpreneurs, elderly and the disabled. I’m committed to and especially enthusiastic about making Finland a better place for thriving and lively entrepreneurship and a happy and healthy old age.

To invest on families, childhood, education and health makes Finland better country to live even for them who, in their turn, finance quickly oldering population and more demanding healthcare.  To make entrepeneurship easier and  rewarding  lifts up national economy. To let people to choose  their service makes  health and socialservices fluently available.

Offices of Trust:
Member of Parliament (National Coalition Party) 2007-2011
Parliamentary Employment and Equality Committee

Parliamentary Committee for Health and socialaffairs

Helsinki Cityboard 2012-

Helsinki City Council,  2004-

Member of the Uusimaa Region Board 2012-

Member of the Reagional co-operation group (MYR) 2012-

Invalidisäätiö , Vice-Chairman of the Board 2008-

Suomi-yhtiöt, M.of the Representatives of the Insurance company Suomi 2012

The Nordic Council Welfare Committee 2007-2011
The Nordic Council on Disability Policy 2007-2011
Uusimaa Regional Council 2005-2012
Chairman of Board, Helsinki Theater Council Board of Representatives, 2010-2013
HOK-Elanto Board of Representatives 2008-2012
Veteran Advisory Board 2007-2013
Department of Social Insurance Supervisor 2007-, vp 2008-2011

Education:
Physiotherapist ELV, -77
Specialist in neurological – and sceletal/motionorgan physiotherapy and occupational health  and ergonomy
Business College Graduate, -75

Universitystudies in physiotherapy, health education, sports medicine, music therapy and Administration.

Experience:
private practitioner/entrepreneur in physiotherapy, AKTIIMI tmi Arja Karhuvaara 1982-
Huoneistokeskus Oy, realtor 1989
Kuntoväline Oy, marketing director 1978-1982
Meilahti Physical Medical Institute, physiotherapist 1978
Volunteer Work:
Vanhusten hyvinvointi ry., Senior welfare
Rannikkosotilaskotiyhdistys, Association of Naval Soldiers’ Homes
Lions Club Kruununhaka

Godmum of two Thaichildren

Leisure:

Family
Physiotherapy
Helsinki entrepreneurs
Swimming and cycling

History and Antique
Theater

 

The Pan-European Institute publishes a quarterly discussion forum, Baltic Rim Economies (BRE), which focuses on the development of the Baltic Sea Region. In BRE, high-level public and corporate decision makers, representatives of Academia and several other experts contribute to the discussion.

 

My article 28.2.2011:

THE MANY FACES OF NATURAL GAS

 

Europe’s increasing energy demand

As the economy recovers and new EU member states’ industries and infrastructure develop, the demand for energy in the EU will inevitably increase. At the same time, energy prices will have an increasing impact on the competitiveness of European production compared to competing production regions like Asia, Indonesia and India.

We must develop cleaner forms of energy and wide-ranging distribution solutions in order to protect our climate, nature and health. The all-encompassing EU single market helps to stabilise energy prices and complements peaks in demand, and it should also secure operating conditions for industries and the functionality of societies everywhere in Europe. The need to save energy in order to conserve our natural resources and the need to put a full stop to the use of fossil fuels are creating new markets and industries all over the world. Energy-efficient construction and the development of renewable energy sources gradually reduce the demand for fossil fuels.

One suggested solution for the transitional phase is the already widely used natural gas, consisting mainly of methane and a gaseous mixture of other light hydrocarbons. Natural gas does not contain sulphur, heavy metals or solid impurities from combustion. In addition, it can be transported easily either in liquid form on ships or through pipelines. Its price is linked to the price of oil, and it is often based on long-term supply agreements signed with individual countries. This causes conflicts and sub-optimisations in the development of a common EU energy policy. According to the European Commission’s statistics, just over 40% of the natural gas imported into the EU is from Russia, 24% from Norway, and 18% from Algeria. Cartel-like features have been detected in agreements harmonising production and pricing between some oil and gas producing countries.

 

Russia developing through partners

Russia is the world’s largest natural gas producer. 60% of its export revenues come from the oil, coal, or gas trade, and around half of the government budget revenues come from production and export taxes and customs duties. Its economy has grown at a rate of about 7% in the 21<sup>st</sup> century. However, the mining and energy sector employs less than 3% of the working-age population.

Russia needs to undergo structural reform and develop its regional infrastructure. It needs foreign partners in reforming its economy and industry, but also in exploiting all areas where energy sources have yet to be tapped into because of challenging natural conditions or degenerated energy transmission networks. The country’s own energy demand will also increase as its industry, economy, and citizens’ wellbeing improve, as will its need of export revenues. Its national electricity and heat prices must remain attractive for foreign investors, but also at a reasonable level for individual citizens.

At the present rate, Russia’s natural gas reserves will suffice for the next 80 years, and the government-owned natural gas company, Gazprom, gets 2/3 of its revenues from natural gas exported to the EU; a fourth of its entire production. Gazprom is actively seeking to expand its natural gas pipeline network in Europe. How profitable is this expansion now that there is already a supply of natural gas in the market, the spot market price of which, mainly in liquid form, is lower than that of a long-term supply agreement with Gazprom?

 

Energy as a political weapon

Russia’s active expansion of its supply of natural gas to Europe, e.g. through the new North Stream pipeline in the Baltic Sea and the South Stream pipeline under the Black Sea, is also a political opportunity. A long-term agreement with Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan ensures that natural gas from Central Asia will only be imported into Europe through Russia. The constant disagreements with Ukraine and Georgia and interruptions or reductions of gas supply into Europe are testament to the reaction speed of this natural gas supplier. Russia has also<span style=”mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;” lang=”EN-GB”>authorised Gazprom’s security service to use military force and to protect Russia’s interests and pipelines even outside of its borders. It is also interesting to watch Russia’s attempts to interfere in the construction of a third, southern pipeline from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to Europe, supported by the EU and the U.S.A., through some German and Austrian groups. The Nabucco pipeline, financed by the European Investment Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank, would introduce a separate pipeline from Russia into Europe, competing with the Russian South Stream project. Energy policy is linked to both national security and trade politics. It is increasingly common to see former prime ministers and foreign ministers from Russia and Europe behind these companies. Denmark approved the northern pipeline once Danish fishermen were supplied with special equipment, France is negotiating warship contracts, Turkey attempted to acquire a 15% share in the natural gas passing through its soil through Nabucco and link this chip to its EU membership negotiations. Iran does not want to get involved in Nabucco because of its conflicts with the U.S.A., and countries around the Baltic Sea feel uneasy about the increasing presence of the Russian Navy in Arctic regions and the Baltic Sea. New Kremlin-approved management teams are leading companies that were in control of vital drilling areas. Run-of-the-mill energy politics?

 

Europe’s self-sufficiency

The creation of self-sufficient European energy production and a single market, the exploitation of all energy sources and the construction of reserves and transmission networks are necessary elements of the reasonably priced, renewable and sustainable energy policy of the future. The possibility of transmitting Nordic energy to continental Europe helps to stabilise energy prices. Increasing reciprocity with Russia makes it unnecessary for individual countries to bluster and blunder and also develops Russia’s market economy, which may strengthen Europe’s connection to China and other developing economies. The creation of energy partnerships and distribution networks in Arctic regions will tell us how much political will exists to work hand in hand for the benefit of Russia and the citizens of the enlarging Europe.

 

Arja Karhuvaara

Member of Parliament (National Coalition Party)

Member of the Employment Committee